Pope Gregory XIII (February 24, 1582)
The calendar used to be based on the Roman way of counting days of the month, and year, but there was always something missing: one-quarter of a day every year. So, the Romans added a leap day every four years (much as we do now), but this caused a discrepancy in their calendar over the centuries.
On this day in 1582, Pope Gregory XIII issues the papal bull Inter gravissimas, announcing the Gregorian calendar.
Over the centuries since its introduction in 45 BCE, the Julian calendar had gradually drifted away from astronomical events like the vernal equinox and the winter solstice. To make up for this error and get the calendar back in sync with the astronomical seasons, a number of days had to be dropped when the Gregorian calendar was adopted.
In North America, for example, the month of September 1752 had only 19 days, as the day count went straight from September 2 to September 14.
The papal bull issued by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 decreed that 10 days be skipped when switching to the Gregorian calendar. However, only five countries adopted the new calendar system that year—namely, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain, and most of France.
Since the discrepancy between the Julian calendar year and the astronomical seasons kept growing over time in the centuries that followed, more days had to be skipped in countries that switched to the Gregorian calendar in later years.
The US, Canada, and the UK dropped 11 days in 1752; Japan cut the year 1872 short by 12 days; and some countries, such as Russia, Greece, and Turkey, switched calendars as late as the early 20th century, so they had to omit 13 daystimeanddate.com
And astrologers like me have to be aware of historical dates being OS or NS.
This chart is randomized, but I could have tried to rectify it, if I had the urge. The Ascendant being Taurus brings out the pun of ‘papal bull’. There is one inconjunct which would have been active all day.
Mars Inconjunct Neptune
With this aspect you must learn to stand up for yourself and demand your rights forthrightly and directly. Often you feel that you don’t have enough energy to assert yourself or that any such effort would be futile. Unfortunately, some people with this aspect learn to work behind the scenes or dishonestly. Others simply give up or take a defeatist attitude toward life.
Sometimes this aspect operates on the physical plane as well. You may have a generally low energy level and feel tired all the time but not able to sleep because of nervousness. You may actually need more sleep than others, and if so, you should try to get it.
(And, just maybe, the nervousness may come from the fact of losing, not only 10 days, but also 10 nights of sleep. People rioted when the calendars changed, and we worry about one hour being lost when we leap ahead to daylight savings!)
Think about it…