The Atbash Cypher
It is probably the oldest and yet simplest of codes: a simple letter substitution, following the instruction, “The first shall be last and the last shall be first.” (Matthew 20:16)
The reason for looking at this ancient code is to help understand a very negative chapter in human history, the rounding up and elimination of the Knights Templar.
Under torture, the Knights Templar admitted to worshipping a bearded male head that they called Baphomet. This ‘invented’ idol did not exist then. During the Crusades, the Islamic enemy was heard to be calling out Baphomet’s name, and quite rightly this has been interpreted as Mohammed. It was recreated by Eliphas Levi in 1856 as a way to explain why the Templars were suppressed. It is now called the Sabbatic Goat, and is an image of the Devil.
Notice the third description on this card: spiritual awakening. It’s a hint, folks.
Here’s a quote from the Wikipedia post about Baphomet:
Hugh J. Schonfield (1901–1988), one of the scholars who worked on the Dead Sea Scrolls, argued in his book The Essene Odyssey that the word “Baphomet” was created with knowledge of the Atbash substitution cipher, which substitutes the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet for the last, the second for the second last, and so on. “Baphomet” rendered in Hebrew is בפומת (bpwmt); interpreted using Atbash, it becomes שופיא (šwpy‘, “Shofya'”), which can be interpreted as the Greek word “Sophia“, meaning wisdom. This theory is an important part of the plot of the novel The Da Vinci Code.
That is my understanding as well. Wisdom is what they worshipped, not the devil or Mohammed, or any other perverted concept that the Roman Catholic Church levelled at the Knights Templar.